Beer Maverick

Hop Substitutions

Update: The first version of our data-driven hop substitute tool is here!

There are well over five hundred hop varieties available for use in brewing beer. If a beer recipe calls for a particular variety of hop that it is unavailable, there is a good chance that a substitution can be made without much of a difference.

Hop substitutions need to be chosen carefully. The alpha and beta acid contents should be close to ensure the bitterness and stability is similar. Hops also have different essential oil percentages, which will change the flavor and aromas. These oils should also be close when swapping one hop for another, but these are only essential to keep aromas similar.

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AdeenaHallertau Mittelfruh, Styrian Golding
AdmiralTarget, Northdown, Challenger
African QueenAmarillo, Cascade, Simcoe, Citra, Mosaic
AgnusMagnum (US), Nugget, Target, Columbus
AhtanumAmarillo, Cascade, Centennial, Willamette
AkoyaPerle (US), Perle (GR), Aurora, Hallertau Tradition, Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer
AmarilloCascade, Centennial, Chinook, Summer, Simcoe
ApolloMagnum (US), Magnum (GR), Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Nugget
AquilaCluster, Galena
AramisWillamette, Challenger, Ahtanum, Centennial, Strisselspalt, EKG, Saaz (US), Hallertau Mittelfruh
ArianaHuell Melon, Mandarina Bavaria, Hallertau Blanc
AuroraStyrian Golding, Perle (GR), Perle (US), Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR)
AzaccaAmarillo, Citra, Delta, Pekko
BannerAquila, Cluster, Galena
BelmaHuell Melon, Pacific Gem
Bitter GoldGalena, Nugget
BoadiceaGreen Bullet, Cascade, Chinook
BobekFuggle, Styrian Golding, Willamette
Bramling CrossEast Kent Goldings, Bullion, Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Galena
BravoColumbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Zeus, Chinook, Centennial, Nugget
Brewer's Gold (GR)Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Brewer's Gold (US)
Brewer's Gold (US)Galena, Brewer's Gold, Chinook, Galena, Nugget
BullionBrewers Gold, Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Galena, Bramling Cross, Mount Ranier
CallistaHallertau Tradition, Grungeist
CalypsoGalena, Cascade, Huell Melon, Belma
Canadian RedvineNewport, Magnum, Galena, Cascade
CascadeAmarillo, Centennial, Ahtanum, Summit
CekinStyrian Golding, Brewers Gold, Aurora
CeleiaStyrian Golding, Bobek, Saaz (CZ)
CentennialCascade, Chinook, Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Amarillo
ChallengerNorthern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Perle (US), Target, Northdown
ChelanGalena, Nugget
ChinookNugget, Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Northern Brewer (US), Galena
CitraSimcoe, Mosaic, Centennial, Cascade
ClusterGalena, Chinook, Eroica, Nugget
Cluster Fugget BlendCluster, Fuggle, Nugget
ColumbiaCentennial, Chinook
ColumbusCTZ, Tomahawk, Zeus, Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Millennium
CometGalena, Citra
CrystalMount Hood, Hersbrucker, Strisselspalt, Liberty, Ultra, Hallertau
CTZColumbus, Tomahawk, Zeus
DanaFuggle, Willamette
DeltaFuggle, Willamette, Cascade
Dr. RudiGreen Bullet
East Kent GoldingsGolding, Fuggle, Willamette
EkuanotChinook, Summit, Galena, Cluster
El DoradoCitra, Nelson Sauvin, Rakau
EllaPerle (US), Palisade, Galaxy
EndeavourBramling Cross, Pilgrim
EnigmaNelson Sauvin, Hallertau Blanc
EroicaBrewer's Gold, Chinook, Cluster, Galena, Nugget
EurekaColumbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Apollo, Merkur, Simcoe, Summit
Falconer's FlightCitra, Simcoe, Amarillo, Sorachi Ace, Summit, Cascade
Falconer's Flight 7CSCTZ, Centennial, Citra, Columbus, Chinook, Cluster, Cascade, Crystal
First GoldWhitbread Golding Variety, East Kent Golding, Willamette
FlyerWillamette, East Kent Goldings
FuggleWillamette, Styrian Golding, East Kent Goldings
GalaxySimcoe, Citra, Amarillo
GalenaBrewer's Gold, Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Nugget
GlacierFuggle, Styrian Golding, Willamette
GodivaWai-iti, Hallertau Blanc
Golden StarFuggle
GoldingEast Kent Golding, Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, Progress, Whitbread Golding Variety
Green BulletLiberty, Hallertau, Mount Hood, Ultra, Crystal
Hallertau (US)Liberty, Mount Hood, Hallertau Mittelfruh, Crystal, Hallertau Tradition
Hallertau BlancNelson Sauvin, Enigma
Hallertau GoldHallertau Mittelfruh, Tettnanger, East Kent Golding, Crystal, Mount Hood
Hallertau MittelfrühHallertau, Liberty, Vanguard, Hallertau Tradition
Hallertau TaurusMagnum (GR), Magnum (US), Citra, Hallertau Tradition, Merkur, Herkules
Hallertau TraditionHallertau Mittelfruh, Tettnanger, East Kent Golding, Crystal, Mount Hood
HBC 692Talus
HelgaHallertau, Hallertau Mittelfruh
HeraldPioneer, Pilgrim
HerkulesTaurus, Warrior
HersbruckerHallertau, Mount Hood, Liberty, Spalt
HorizonMagnum (US), Magnum (GR), Nugget
Huell MelonBelma, Jarrylo
Idaho 7Azacca, El Dorado, Cashmere, Citra, Idaho Gem, Amarillo, Chinook, Columbus
Idaho GemAzacca, El Dorado, Cashmere, Citra, Idaho 7, Cascade
JarryloMotueka, Nelson Sauvin, Mosaic
JungaNugget, Target, Galena
KazbekSaaz (CZ)
KohatuWai-iti, Motueka
LemondropCascade, Motueka, Liberty, Mandarina Bavaria, Centennial
LibertyHallertau, Mount Hood, Crystal
LoralGlacier, Nugget, Strisselspalt, Tardif De Bourgogne
LubelskaSaaz (CZ), Saaz (US), Tettnang, Stirling
MagnatMagnum (GR), Magnum (US), Lubelski
Magnum (GR)Magnum (US), Nugget, Taurus, Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ
Magnum (US)Galena, Magnum (GR), Nugget, Columbus, Horizon, Northdown, Northern Brewer (US)
Mandarina BavariaCascade, Huell Melon, Lemondrop, Perle (US)
Marco PoloCTZ, Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus
MeridianCitra, Glacier, Centennial
MerkurMagnum (GR), Magnum (US), Hallertau Taurus, Hallertau Tradition
MillenniumNugget, Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ
MosaicCitra, Simcoe
MotuekaSaaz (US), Sterling
Mount HoodHallertau, Hersbrucker, Liberty, Crystal, Hallertau Mittelfruh
Mount RainierFuggle, Hallertau
MysticBarbe Rouge, Styrian Dragon, Huell Melon
NectaronWaimea, Citra, Mosaic
Nelson SauvinHallertau Blanc, Enigma, Motueka, Riwaka
NewportBrewer's Gold, Fuggle, Galena, Magnum (GR), Magnum (US), Nugget
NorthdownNorthern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Target, Challenger, Admiral
Northern Brewer (GR)Northern Brewer (US), Brewers Gold, Chinook, Perle (US), Perle (GR)
Northern Brewer (US)Galena, Perle (US), Magnum (GR), Magnum (US), Chinook, Northern Brewer (GR)
NuggetGalena, Magnum (US), Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ
OlympicBrewers Gold, Chinook, Galena
OmegaSuper Galena, Challenger
OpalEast Kent Golding, Styrian Golding, Tettnanger
OrionNorthern Brewer (GR), Perle (GR), Challenger
Pacific CrestSaaz (US), Saaz (CZ), Fuggle, Tettnang
Pacific GemCluster, Magnum (GR), Magnum (US), Galena, Belma
Pacific JadeHallertau, Saaz (CZ), Cluster
Pacific SunrisePacific Gem
PalisadeWillamette, Glacier
ParadigmSaaz (US), Mosaic, Citra, Galaxy
PekkoSaaz (CZ), Azacca
Perle (GR)Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Perle (US)
Perle (US)Perle (GR), Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Cluster, Galena
PhoenixChallenger, Northdown
PilgrimChallenger, Pioneer, Challenger
PioneerYeoman, Herald, Omega
PremiantStyrian Golding, Saaz (CZ)
Pride of RingwoodCentennial, Galena, Cluster
ProgressGolding, Fuggle
RakauAmarillo, Summit
RiwakaSaaz (CZ), Citra, Calypso, Centennial, Motueka
Saaz (CZ)Polish Lublin, Saaz (US), Sterling, Tettnang
Saaz (US)Saaz (CZ), Polish Lublin, Sterling, Tettnang, Sorachi Ace
Saaz LateSaaz (CZ), Saaz (US)
SantiamCitra, Spalt, Spalter Select, Tettnang
SaphirHallertau Mittelfruh, Hallertau, Spalter Select
SatusNugget, Galena
SimcoeSummit, Magnum (US), Amarillo, Mosaic, Cascade, Centennial, Citra, Columbus
SládekSaaz (CZ), Saaz (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Northern Brewer (US)
SmaragdHallertau Mittelfruh, Opal
Smooth ConeCluster
SonnetEast Kent Golding, Hersbrucker, Crystal, Saaz (CH), Saaz (US)
Sorachi AceSouthern Cross
Southern AromaMotueka
Southern BrewerSouthern Promise, Fuggle
Southern CrossSorachi Ace
Southern PromiseSouthern Brewer
Southern StarMosaic, Ekuanot, El Dorado, Mandarina Bavaria, Southern Cross, Warrior
SpaltSaaz (CZ), Tettnang, Ultra, Tettnanger, Santiam, Liberty, Hallertau
Spalter SelectTettnanger, Saaz (CZ), Spalt, Perle (GR), Hallertau Tradition
SterlingSaaz (US), Mount Hood
SticklebractNorthern Brewer (GR), Hersbrucker, Hallertau, Sorachi Ace, Simcoe
StirlingSaaz (US)
StrataGalaxy, Mosaic
StrisselspaltCrystal, Hersbrucker, Mount Hood, Liberty, Hallertau
Styrian GoldingFuggle, Willamette, Bobek
Sultana (Denali)Columbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Nugget
SummerPalisade, Saaz (US)
SummitColumbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Warrior, Millennium, Simcoe, Amarillo, Cascade
SunMagnum (GR), Magnum (US), Galena, Zeus
Super GalenaGalena, Nugget, Cluster, Chinook
Super PridePride of Ringwood
SussexProgress, Whitbread Golding Variety, Fuggle
SybillaPerle (US), Perle (GR), Northern Brewer (US), Northern Brewer (GR), Magnum (GR), Magnum (US), Nugget, Bobek, Lubelski
SylvaHallertau Mittelfruh, Helga, Saaz (US), Northern Brewer (US)
Tardif de BourgogneStrisselspalt
TargetFuggle, Willamette
Tettnang (US)Tettnanger, Fuggle, Santiam, Spalter Select, Spalt
TettnangerTettnang (US), Spalter Select, Spalt, Saaz (CZ), Lubelski
TillicumGalena, Chelan
TomahawkColumbus, CTZ, Zeus, Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Millennium
TopazGalaxy, Citra, Cascade, Riwaka, Rakau, Amarillo
TriplePearlPerle (US)
TriskelStrisselspalt, Ahtanum, Centennial, Chinook, Simcoe
TriumphNugget, Hallertau
Tsingdao FlowerCluster
UltraHallertau, Crystal, Liberty, Mount Hood, Saaz (US), Tettnanger
VanguardHallertau, Hersbrucker, Mount Hood, Liberty
Vic SecretGalaxy
Vienna GoldCluster
WaimeaPacific Jade
WakatuHallertau Mittelfruh, Nelson Sauvin
WarriorColumbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Nugget, Magnum (GR), Magnum (US), Summit
Whitbread Golding Variety (WGV)Fuggle
Wild LoyalistSaaz (US), Styrian Golding
WillametteGlacier, Fuggle, Tettnang (US), Styrian Golding, East Kent Golding
XJA2/436Simcoe, Centennial, Bergamot
Yakima ClusterChinook, Cluster
Yakima GoldCluster
Yellow SubAmarillo
ZagravaSaaz (US), Tettnanger, Lubelski, Spalter Select
ZenithYeoman, Northern Brewer (US)
ZeusColumbus, Tomahawk, Zeus, CTZ, Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget, Millennium
ZythosAmarillo, Cascade, Simcoe