|Country:||United States of America (USA)|
Purchase Cluster Hops
Cluster hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Amazon.com. Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.
Origin and Geneology of the Cluster Hop
Cluster's pedigree is not known but it is possibly the result of a cross between an English variety and an American male hop. Cluster is one of the oldest hop varieties grown in the United States.
US hops begin to be harvested in mid-to-late August for most aroma varieties.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Cluster Hops
Cluster is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.
Cluster has specific aroma descriptors that include floral, earthy and sweet fruit. Cluster is an excellent dual-purpose hop and is often used in the reproduction of historical beer styles.
Brewing Values for Cluster Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Cluster hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||4.5-6%5.3% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||1:1 - 2:11:1 avg|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »||33-43%38% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||0.4-1 mL0.7mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||38-46%42% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||15-20%17.5% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||8-10%9% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene)||0-1%0.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||23-39%|
Beer Styles using Cluster Hops
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Cluster hop include Ale, Lager, Stout & Porter.
Cluster Hop Substitutions
If the Cluster hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Cluster substitutions.
Experienced brewers have chosen the following hop varieties as substitutions of Cluster:
Is Cluster available in lupulin powder?
Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Cluster hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2), Haas (Lupomax) or Hopsteiner have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. Too bad too - it is pure hop lupulin powder, which leads to huge, concentrated flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
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