Beer Maverick

Grains & Adjuncts: The Complete Guide

Browse Grains:

We’ve boiled (pun intended) all the grains and adjuncts available to home brewers into the most common styles of each of them. While we don’t differentiate between brands, we have normalized certain values to account for the differences in SRM, Lovibond and Diastatic powers.

The Purpose of Grains in Brewing

Grains are steeped in hot water to extract their sugars to create wort. Wort is the water and sugar solution that combines with yeast and hops to create beer.

Before grain can be converted into alcohol, the complex carbohydrates need to be broken down into simple sugars. These sugars are what yeast consume to create alcohol.

There are three types of home brewing recipes that are distinguished by how you work with grain:

  • Extract Brewing is when you use either dry or liquid malt extract for all of your fermentable sugars. Commonly there are no loose grains involved with this type of brewing.
  • Partial Mash Brewing is when you make a small mash to get sugar out of the grain, but you still supplement your recipe with malt extract.
  • All Grain Brewing recipes are more advanced and require the use of 100% grains to get the required sugars into the wort. These recipes use only grains and no malt extract. All grain methods include brew-in-a-bag (BIAB) or the use of a mash and lauter tun.

Grains by Category

We’ve broken down all the common grains and adjuncts that go into beer making into their specific categories. Our database currently has over 50 kinds of fermentables.

Sugar (Adjunct)

Dextrose (Corn Sugar), Honey, Lactose (Milk Sugar), Maltodextrin, Maple Syrup, Molasses, Table Sugar (Sucrose), Turbinado,

Base Malt (Grain)

2-Row Pale Malt, 6-Row Pale Malt, Acidulated Malt, Golden Promise, Maris Otter, Mild Malt, Munich Malt, Peat Smoked Malt, Pilsner Malt, Rye Malt, Smoked Malt, Vienna Malt, Wheat Malt,

Caramel Malt (Grain)

Amber Malt, Cara Ruby, Carafoam, Caramel/Crystal Malt, Carapils (Dextrin), Honey Malt,

Extract (Grain)

Dry Malt Extract (DME), Liquid Malt Extract (LME),

Raw Malt (Grain)

Chit Malt, Flaked Barley, Flaked Corn (Maize), Flaked Oats, Flaked Rice, Flaked Rye, Flaked Spelt, Flaked Wheat, Grits, Rice Hulls, Torrified Wheat,

Roasted Malt (Grain)

Aromatic Malt, Biscuit Malt, Black (Patent) Malt, Black Barley, Brown Malt, Chocolate Malt, Malted Oats, Roasted Barley, Roasted Wheat, Special Roast,

If you see an error in our data, please let us know!

Grains  Grains Database

Beer Maverick has compiled a database on the most frequently used grains and adjuncts used in homebrewing. Learn about their uses and brewing qualities. Browse all fermentables »