Beer Maverick
Pacific Gem Hop New Zealand Hop

Pacific Gem Hop

View all hops »

Purpose:Bittering
Country:New Zealand (NZ)
International Code:PGE

Purchase Pacific Gem Hops

Pacific Gem hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Amazon.com. Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.

Adventures in Homebrewing Austin Homebrew Supply Hops Direct Homebrew Supply Northern Brewer Atlantic Brewing Supply More Beer! Yakima Valley Hops

Origin of Pacific Gem Hops

The ancestry of the Pacific Gem hop includes Smoothcone, Californian Late Cluster, and Fuggle. It was released to the public in 1987.

Flavor & Aroma Profile of Pacific Gem Hops

Pacific Gem is a bittering hop that is commonly used only to bitter the beer during brewing, and not for too much flavor and aromas.

The Pacific Gem has specific aroma descriptors that include spicy black pepper and berry fruit aroma characteristics. Some brewers have noted delicate blackberry, floral, pine or oak tones as well.

Tags: #blackpepper  #berry  #blackberry  #floral  #oak  #pine  



Brewing Values for Pacific Gem Hops

These are the common ranges that we've seen with Pacific Gem hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.

Alpha Acid % (AA)
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness.
13-15%
14% avg
Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.7.0-9.0%
8% avg
Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.1:1 - 2:1
2:1 avg
Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer.37-40%
38.5% avg
Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »1.0-1.3 mL
1.2mL avg
Total Oil Breakdown:
›  MyrceneFlavors: pine, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene) 33-34%
33.5% avg
›  HumuleneFlavors: woody, hoppy, spicy (α-caryophyllene) 29-30%
29.5% avg
›  CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, spicy, herbal (β-caryophyllene) 10-12%
11% avg.
›  FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, woody (β-farnesene) 0-1%
0.5% avg
›  All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene 23-28%

Beer Styles using Pacific Gem Hops

Some popular beer styles that make use of the Pacific Gem hop include Pale Ale, IPA & Lager.

Pacific Gem Hop Substitutions

If the Pacific Gem hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with one of these other hops for a similar outcome:

Is Pacific Gem available as Cryo/Lupulin powder?

Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Pacific Gem hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2) nor Haas (Lupomax) have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. This new type of hop product is pure concentrated lupulin powder, which leads to more flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.


If you see an error in our data, please let us know!

We are not affiliated with any hop manufacturer. All copyrights and data are provided by their respective owners.

References:
  1. https://beermaverick.com/the-most-common-hops-used-in-ipas/
  2. https://beermaverick.com/analyzing-the-usa-hop-production-statistics-of-2019/

Hops  Largest Hop Database

Beer Maverick has compiled the largest and most complete hop database anywhere online. We've spent days looking up substitutions, flavor profiles and acid and oil levels. Browse all hops »