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Tomahawk Hop United States of America Hop

Tomahawk Hop

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Country:United States of America (USA)
International Code:TOM
Cultivar/Brand ID:F10 CV
Ownership:® Yakima Chief Hops

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Purchase Tomahawk Hops

Tomahawk hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.

Adventures in Homebrewing More Beer! Northwest Hop Farms Hop Alliance Austin Homebrew Northern Brewer Atlantic Brewing Supply Yakima Valley Hops

Origin and Geneology of the Tomahawk Hop

Tomahawk is a bittering hop of recent origin. Tomahawk is often referred to as CTZ, a trio of similar hops including Columbus and Zeus. The exact lineage of Tomahawk is unknown, however it is widely assumed that Brewer’s Gold and several undisclosed American varieties played significant parenting roles. It was developed in the 1980s by Charles Zimmerman who had worked for the U.S. Department of Agriculture until 1979 and who subsequently held positions with various private hop-processing and trading companies.

US hops begin to be harvested in mid-to-late August for most aroma varieties.

Flavor & Aroma Profile of Tomahawk Hops

Tomahawk is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.

Tomahawk has aroma descriptors that include black pepper, licorice, curry and subtle citrus.

Tags: #citrus  #black_pepper  #licorice  #curry  #onion 

Read More: The Rise and Eventual Fall of the CTZ Hop

Brewing Values for Tomahawk Hops

These are the common ranges that we've seen with Tomahawk hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.

Alpha Acid % (AA)
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
16.3% avg
Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.4.5-6%
5.3% avg
Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.3:1 - 4:1
3:1 avg
Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »28-35%
31.5% avg
Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »2.5-4.5 mL
3.5mL avg
Total Oil Breakdown:
›  MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene) 45-55%
50% avg
›  HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene) 9-14%
11.5% avg
›  CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene) 6-10%
8% avg.
›  FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene) 0-1%
0.5% avg
›  All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene 20-40%

Hop Pairings with Tomahawk Hops

Some hops just taste better together. We recently analyzed [1] hundreds of the most popular beers to find which hops are commonly paired together. We found that Simcoe, Centennial, Amarillo & Cascade hops are commonly used alongside the Tomahawk hop. This is not a complete list, but should give you a good idea of what hops are commonly used together.

Here is the relative frequency of the top 4 hops that are used with Tomahawk:

Beer Styles using Tomahawk Hops

Some popular beer styles that make use of the Tomahawk hop include IPA, American Pale Ale, Stout, Barleywine & Lager.

Tomahawk Hop Substitutions

If the Tomahawk hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Tomahawk substitutions.

Experienced brewers have chosen the following hop varieties as substitutions of Tomahawk:

Is Tomahawk available in lupulin powder?

Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Tomahawk hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2), Haas (Lupomax) or Hopsteiner have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. Too bad too - it is pure hop lupulin powder, which leads to huge, concentrated flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.

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