|Country:||United States of America (USA)|
Origin of the Cascade Hop
Today there are also New Zealand, Argentinian, and Australian varieties of Cascade. It was originally created from a cross between Fuggle and the Russian hop Serebrianka in 1967. Cascade was initially only known by its number designation of USDA 56013.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Cascade
Defined by its citrus, and often more specifically grapefruit flavor, this hop accounts for around 10% of the US's harvest of hops. Cascade also has a medium-intense floral and spice citrus qualities. When used as a bittering hop, it imparts moderate bitterness. It is most famous for being the finishing hop in Sierra Nevada's Pale Ale, widely considered the beer that launched the IPA and bitter beer craze.
Read More: The Most Common Hops Used in IPAs
#grapefruit #floral #spicy #citrus
Brewing Values for Cascade
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Cascade hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acids (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness.
|Beta AcidsThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades as beer ages. Higher levels of beta acids will result in a slower decline of bittering.||4.8-7.5%6.2% avg|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer.||33-40%36.5% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||0.7-2 mL1.4mL avg|
Common Hop Pairings with Cascade
Some hops just taste better together. We agree, so we recently analyzed hundreds of the most popular beers to find which hops are commonly paired together. We found that Centennial, Chinook, Simcoe, Columbus, Citra & Mosaic hops are commonly used alongside the Cascade hop, although many others have also been seen with it.
Here is the relative frequency of the top 6 hops that are used with Cascade:
Common Beers and Styles using Cascade
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Cascade hop include American Ale, IPA, Porter, Barleywine, Witbier & Pale Ale.
Cascade is also sometimes featured as a single hop in beers to highlight its unique flavors and aromas. Some popular examples of commercial beers that use 100% Cascade hops in their recipes are Sierra Nevada Single Hop IPA Cascade, Anchor Liberty Ale & Deschutes Mirror Pond Ale.
Cascade Hop Substitutions
If any version of the Cascade hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to use one of these other hops as a substitution for a similar outcome:
Is Cascade Available in Cryo/Lupulin Powder Form?
Yes. There is a version of the Cascade hop in lupulin powder form. Cascade lupulin powder is suggested to be used at about half the amount as you'd normally use with pellets. The Cryo/LupuLN2 (Yakima Chief Hops) and Lupomax (Haas) products are pure concentrated lupulin powder, which add big flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
Cascade Hop Statistics
We love statistics. We've analyzed hundreds of IPAs, dug into the Hop Growers of America's annual reports and researched the history behind some of the most popular beer ingredients. Here are a few of the things we've found interesting about the Cascade hop:
- In 2019, Cascade was the United States' 3rd most produced hop
- Cascade lost 22% of its growing acreage between 2014 and 2019
If you see an error in our data, please let us know!
We are not affiliated with any hop manufacturer. All copyrights and data are provided by their respective owners.