|Country:||United States of America (USA)|
|Cultivar/Brand ID:||HBC 394|
|Ownership:||® Hop Breeding Company|
Purchase Citra Hops
This hop can be purchased at Yakima Valley Hops.
Origin and Geneology of the Citra Hop
Citra was developed by the Hop Breeding Company of Yakima, WA and released in 2008. It is purported to include parentage of Hallertauer, American Tettnanger, and East Kent Goldings.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Citra Hops
Citra is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.
The Citra hop is a high alpha acid hop with a strong, yet smooth floral and citrus aroma and flavor. It has specific aroma descriptors that include grapefruit, citrus, peach, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee and a smooth bitterness when added to the boil. Citra hops have become one of the most popular hops in the world.
Read More: The Complete History of the Citra Hop
Brewing Values for Citra Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Citra hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||3-4.5%3.8% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||2:1 - 5:14:1 avg|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C).||27% (Good) 0.25-0.281|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »||20-35%27.5% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||1.5-3 mL2.3mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||60-70%65% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||7-13%10% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||5-8%6.5% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene)||0-1%0.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||8-28%|
Hop Pairings with Citra Hops
Some hops just taste better together. We recently analyzed  hundreds of the most popular beers to find which hops are commonly paired together. We found that Mosaic, Simcoe, Amarillo, El Dorado, Galaxy, Columbus, Centennial & Chinook hops are commonly used alongside the Citra hop. This is not a complete list, but should give you a good idea of what hops are commonly used together.
Here is the relative frequency of the top 8 hops that are used with Citra:
Beer Styles using Citra Hops
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Citra hop include American Pale Ale, IPA & Double IPA.
Citra is also sometimes featured as a single hop in beers to highlight its unique flavors and aromas. Some popular examples of commercial beers that use 100% Citra hops in their recipes are Three Floyds Zombie Dust, Toppling Goliath Pseudo Sue, Hill Farmstead Citra Single Hop Pale Ale & Verdant Fruit Car Sight Exhibition.
Citra Hop Substitutions
If the Citra hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Citra substitutions.
Experienced brewers have chosen the following hops as substitutions of Citra:
Is Citra available in lupulin powder?
Yes! There is a version of the Citra hop in lupulin powder form. Citra lupulin powder is suggested to be used at about half the amount as you'd normally use with pellets. The Cryo/LupuLN2 (Yakima Chief Hops), Lupomax (Haas) and Hopsteiner products are pure concentrated lupulin powder, which add big flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
Citra Hop Statistics
We love statistics. We've analyzed hundreds of IPAs, dug into the Hop Growers of America's annual reports and researched the history behind some of the most popular beer ingredients. Here are a few of the things we've found interesting about the Citra hop:
- Citra was the fastest growing US hop (in terms of production) between 2014 and 2019.
- In 2019, over 12 million pounds of Citra hops were harvested in the United States, second only to CTZ.
If you see an error in our data, please let us know!
We are not affiliated with any hop manufacturer. All copyrights and data are provided by their respective owners.