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Citra Hop United States of America Hop

Citra Hop

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Purpose:Dual
Country:United States of America (USA)
International Code:CIT
Cultivar/Brand ID:HBC 394
Ownership:® Hop Breeding Company

Purchase Citra Hops

Citra hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Amazon.com. Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.

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Origin of Citra Hops

Citra was developed by the Hop Breeding Company of Yakima, WA and released in 2008. It is purported to include parentage of Hallertauer, American Tettnanger, and East Kent Goldings.

Flavor & Aroma Profile of Citra Hops

Citra is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.

The Citra hop is a high alpha acid hop with a strong, yet smooth floral and citrus aroma and flavor. It has specific aroma descriptors that include grapefruit, citrus, peach, melon, lime, gooseberry, passion fruit and lychee and a smooth bitterness when added to the boil. Citra hops have become one of the most popular hops in the world.

#citrus  #grapefruit  #peach  #melon  #lime  #floral  #gooseberry  #passionfruit  #lychee  

Read More: The Most Common Hops Used in IPAs



Brewing Values for Citra Hops

These are the common ranges that we've seen with Citra hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.

Alpha Acid % (AA)
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness.
10-15%
12.5% avg
Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.3-4.5%
3.8% avg
Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.2:1 - 5:1
4:1 avg
Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer.20-35%
27.5% avg
Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »1.5-3 mL
2.3mL avg
Total Oil Breakdown:
›  MyrceneFlavors: pine, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene) 60-70%
65% avg
›  HumuleneFlavors: woody, hoppy, spicy (α-caryophyllene) 7-12%
9.5% avg
›  CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, spicy, herbal (β-caryophyllene) 5-8%
6.5% avg.
›  FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, woody (β-farnesene) 0-1%
0.5% avg
›  All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene 9-28%

Hop Pairings with Citra Hops

Some hops just taste better together. We recently analyzed [1] hundreds of the most popular beers to find which hops are commonly paired together. We found that Mosaic, Simcoe, Amarillo, El Dorado, Galaxy, Columbus, Centennial & Chinook hops are commonly used alongside the Citra hop. This is not a complete list, but should give you a good idea of what hops are commonly used together.

Here is the relative frequency of the top 8 hops that are used with Citra:



Beer Styles using Citra Hops

Some popular beer styles that make use of the Citra hop include American Pale Ale, IPA & Double IPA.

Citra is also sometimes featured as a single hop in beers to highlight its unique flavors and aromas. Some popular examples of commercial beers that use 100% Citra hops in their recipes are Three Floyds Zombie Dust, Toppling Goliath Pseudo Sue, Hill Farmstead Citra Single Hop Pale Ale & Verdant Fruit Car Sight Exhibition.

Citra Hop Substitutions

If the Citra hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with one of these other hops for a similar outcome:

Is Citra available as Cryo/Lupulin powder?

Yes! There is a version of the Citra hop in lupulin powder form. Citra lupulin powder is suggested to be used at about half the amount as you'd normally use with pellets. The Cryo/LupuLN2 (Yakima Chief Hops) and Lupomax (Haas) products are pure concentrated lupulin powder, which add big flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.

Citra Hop Statistics

We love statistics. We've analyzed hundreds of IPAs, dug into the Hop Growers of America's annual reports[2] and researched the history behind some of the most popular beer ingredients. Here are a few of the things we've found interesting about the Citra hop:

  • Citra was the fastest growing US hop (in terms of production) between 2014 and 2019.
  • In 2019, over 12 million pounds of Citra hops were harvested in the United States, second only to CTZ.

If you see an error in our data, please let us know!

We are not affiliated with any hop manufacturer. All copyrights and data are provided by their respective owners.

References:
  1. https://beermaverick.com/the-most-common-hops-used-in-ipas/
  2. https://beermaverick.com/analyzing-the-usa-hop-production-statistics-of-2019/

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