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Simcoe Hop United States of America Hop

Simcoe Hop

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Purpose:Dual
Country:United States of America (USA)
International Code:SIM
Cultivar/Brand ID:YCR 14
Ownership:® Yakima Valley Ranches

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Purchase Simcoe Hops

Simcoe hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Amazon.com. Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.

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Origin of Simcoe Hops

The Simcoe hop was developed by Yakima Chief Hops in 2000 via open pollination.

Flavor & Aroma Profile of Simcoe Hops

Simcoe is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.

Alongside its fruity and slightly earthy aromas, specific descriptors include grapefruit, passion fruit, pine and berry characteristics. In addition to its great bittering qualities, the Simcoe hop, often referred to as "Cascade on steroids" can also occasionally carry notes of apricots.

Simcoe is often used for bittering due to its high alpha acid percentages, but can be used as a late addition as well to bring out more fruity aromas.

Tags: #fruity  #earthy  #grapefruit  #passion_fruit  #pine  #berry  #apricot  #bubblegum  #citrus  

Read More: The Most Common Hops Used in IPAs



Brewing Values for Simcoe Hops

These are the common ranges that we've seen with Simcoe hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.

Alpha Acid % (AA)
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness.
11-15%
13% avg
Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.3-5%
4% avg
Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.2:1 - 5:1
4:1 avg
Hop Storage Index (HSI)The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C).27% (Good)
0.268
Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »15-21%
18% avg
Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »0.8-3.2 mL
2mL avg
Total Oil Breakdown:
›  MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene) 40-50%
45% avg
›  HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene) 15-20%
17.5% avg
›  CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene) 8-14%
11% avg.
›  FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene) 0-1%
0.5% avg
›  All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene 15-37%

Hop Pairings with Simcoe Hops

Some hops just taste better together. We recently analyzed [1] hundreds of the most popular beers to find which hops are commonly paired together. We found that Citra, Amarillo, Centennial, Mosaic, Chinook & Cascade hops are commonly used alongside the Simcoe hop. This is not a complete list, but should give you a good idea of what hops are commonly used together.

Here is the relative frequency of the top 6 hops that are used with Simcoe:



Beer Styles using Simcoe Hops

Some popular beer styles that make use of the Simcoe hop include Pale Ale, IPA, Double IPA, Lager, Wild Ale & Red Ale.

Simcoe is also sometimes featured as a single hop in beers to highlight its unique flavors and aromas. Some popular examples of commercial beers that use 100% Simcoe hops in their recipes are Temescal Simcoe IPA, Hill Farmstead Simcoe Single Hop Pale Ale & Other Half DDH Simcoe Chroma.

Simcoe Hop Substitutions

If the Simcoe hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of chosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Simcoe substitutions.

Experienced brewers have chosen the following hops as substitutions of Simcoe:

Is Simcoe available as Cryo/Lupulin powder?

Yes! There is a version of the Simcoe hop in lupulin powder form. Simcoe lupulin powder is suggested to be used at about half the amount as you'd normally use with pellets. The Cryo/LupuLN2 (Yakima Chief Hops) and Lupomax (Haas) products are pure concentrated lupulin powder, which add big flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.

Simcoe Hop Statistics

We love statistics. We've analyzed hundreds of IPAs, dug into the Hop Growers of America's annual reports[2] and researched the history behind some of the most popular beer ingredients. Here are a few of the things we've found interesting about the Simcoe hop:

  • In 2019, Simcoe was the 5th most grown hop in the United States.
  • Between 2014-2019, Simcoe's harvest grew by 44%, the 6th highest increase in the United States.

If you see an error in our data, please let us know!

We are not affiliated with any hop manufacturer. All copyrights and data are provided by their respective owners.

References:
  1. https://beermaverick.com/the-most-common-hops-used-in-ipas/
  2. https://beermaverick.com/analyzing-the-usa-hop-production-statistics-of-2019/

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