|Country:||United States of America (USA)|
|Ownership:||™ American Dwarf Hop Association|
Purchase Summit Hops
This hop can be purchased at Yakima Valley Hops.
Origin and Geneology of the Summit Hop
Summit is a semi-dwarf super high alpha hop variety released by the American Dwarf Hop Association in 2003. It is a cross between Lexus and an unspecified male derived from numerous hops including Zeus, Nugget and male USDA varieties.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Summit Hops
Summit is a bittering hop that is commonly used only to bitter the beer during brewing, and not for too much flavor and aromas.
Summit hops' aroma descriptors include pepper, incense, anise, orange, pink grapefruit and tangerine. Summit is mainly used as a bittering hop, but does have earthy aromatic characteristics and subtle hints of citrus. Summit hops at times picks up notes of sulfur (like garlic/onion), so be careful when using this hop.
Brewing Values for Summit Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Summit hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||4.0-6.5%5.3% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||2:1 - 4:13:1 avg|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C). The freshest hops will always be the best.||15% (Great) 0.15|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »||26-33%29.5% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||1.5-3 mL2.3mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||30-40%35% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||18-22%20% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||12-16%14% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene)||0-1%0.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||21-40%|
Hop Pairings with Summit Hops
Some hops just taste better together. We recently analyzed  hundreds of the most popular beers to find which hops are commonly paired together. We found that Citra, Nugget, Chinook, Centennial, Amarillo & Simcoe hops are commonly used alongside the Summit hop. This is not a complete list, but should give you a good idea of what hops are commonly used together.
Here is the relative frequency of the top 6 hops that are used with Summit:
Beer Styles using Summit Hops
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Summit hop include IPA, Pale Ale, Imperial IPA, Barleywine & Stout.
Summit Hop Substitutions
If the Summit hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Summit substitutions.
Experienced brewers have chosen the following hop varieties as substitutions of Summit:
Is Summit available in lupulin powder?
Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Summit hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2), Haas (Lupomax) or Hopsteiner have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. Too bad too - it is pure hop lupulin powder, which leads to huge, concentrated flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
Summit Hop Statistics
We love statistics. We've analyzed hundreds of IPAs, dug into the Hop Growers of America's annual reports and researched the history behind some of the most popular beer ingredients. Here are a few of the things we've found interesting about the Summit hop:
- In 2019, Summit was the 19th most produced hop in the United States.
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