|Ownership:||™ Hop Products Australia (HPA)|
Purchase Enigma Hops
This hop can be purchased at Yakima Valley Hops.
Origin and Geneology of the Enigma Hop
Enigma is a hop variety released by the Hop Products Australia in 2013 with a breeding program using Swiss Tettnang and North American hops. It was originally cultivated in 2002.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Enigma Hops
Enigma is an aroma hop that is typically used in only late boil additions, including dry hopping.
The Enigma hop has distinct tropical fruit, berry, stone fruit aroma descriptors. It also has hints of juicy red fruits like raspberries and red currants, but what sets it apart from other varieties are the white wine notes.
Brewing Values for Enigma Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Enigma hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||4.5-7.1%5.8% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||2:1 - 4:13:1 avg|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C). The freshest hops will always be the best.||30% (Good) 0.295|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »||37-43%40% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||1.8-3 mL2.4mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||23-30%26.5% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||12-19%15.5% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||6-8%7% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene)||9-12%10.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||31-50%|
Beer Styles using Enigma Hops
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Enigma hop include IPA & Pale Ale.
Enigma Hop Substitutions
If the Enigma hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Enigma substitutions.
Experienced brewers have chosen the following hop varieties as substitutions of Enigma:
Is Enigma available in lupulin powder?
Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Enigma hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2), Haas (Lupomax) or Hopsteiner have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. Too bad too - it is pure hop lupulin powder, which leads to huge, concentrated flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
Enigma Hop Statistics
We love statistics. We've analyzed hundreds of IPAs, dug into the Hop Growers of America's annual reports and researched the history behind some of the most popular beer ingredients. Here are a few of the things we've found interesting about the Enigma hop:
- Enigma is Australia's fifth most produced hop as of 2019.
- In 2019, Australia produced 90 metric tonnes of Ella, which was an increase of 125% over 2018.
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