Southern Cross Hop
|Country:||New Zealand (NZ)|
Purchase Southern Cross Hops
Southern Cross hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Amazon.com. Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.
Origin of Southern Cross Hops
Southern Cross is a cross between NZ Smooth Cone and the result of a Californian and English Fuggle. It was released in 1994.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Southern Cross Hops
Southern Cross is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.
Southern Cross hops have aroma descriptors that include citrus and tropical fruit with hints of lemon zest, lime, pine and spice. It has excellent essential oils and low co-humulone delivering a delicate balance of citrus and spice when added at the end of boil.
Tags: #lemon #lime #pine #spice #citrus #tropicalfruit
Brewing Values for Southern Cross Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Southern Cross hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness.
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||5-7%6% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||2:1 - 3:12:1 avg|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer.||25-28%26.5% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||1.2-1.8 mL1.5mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: pine, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||31-33%32% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, hoppy, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||20-21%20.5% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, spicy, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||6-7%6.5% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, woody (β-farnesene)||7-8%7.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||31-36%|
Beer Styles using Southern Cross Hops
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Southern Cross hop include Pale Ale, IPA & Lager.
Southern Cross Hop Substitutions
If the Southern Cross hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with one of these other hops for a similar outcome:
Is Southern Cross available as Cryo/Lupulin powder?
Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Southern Cross hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2) nor Haas (Lupomax) have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. This new type of hop product is pure concentrated lupulin powder, which leads to more flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
If you see an error in our data, please let us know!
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