Southern Cross Hop
|Country:||New Zealand (NZ)|
Purchase Southern Cross Hops
This hop can be purchased at Yakima Valley Hops.
Origin and Geneology of the Southern Cross Hop
Southern Cross is a cross between NZ Smooth Cone and the result of a Californian and English Fuggle. It was released in 1994.
New Zealand hops begin to be harvested in late February or March and continues through to early April.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Southern Cross Hops
Southern Cross is a dual-purpose hop that can be used in all hop additions throughout the brewing process.
Southern Cross hops have aroma descriptors that include citrus and tropical fruit with hints of lemon zest, lime, pine and spice. It has excellent essential oils and low co-humulone delivering a delicate balance of citrus and spice when added at the end of boil.
Brewing Values for Southern Cross Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Southern Cross hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||5-7%6% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||2:1 - 3:12:1 avg|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »||25-28%26.5% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||1.2-1.8 mL1.5mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||31-33%32% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||20-21%20.5% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||6-7%6.5% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene)||7-8%7.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||31-36%|
Beer Styles using Southern Cross Hops
Some popular beer styles that make use of the Southern Cross hop include Pale Ale, IPA & Lager.
Southern Cross Hop Substitutions
If the Southern Cross hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Southern Cross substitutions.
Experienced brewers have chosen the following hop varieties as substitutions of Southern Cross:
Is Southern Cross available in lupulin powder?
Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Southern Cross hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2), Haas (Lupomax) or Hopsteiner have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. Too bad too - it is pure hop lupulin powder, which leads to huge, concentrated flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
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