|Country:||United Kingdom (UK)|
Purchase Defender Hops
Defender hops are available to be purchased from multiple suppliers. We've conveniently linked to the most popular hop suppliers as well as Amazon.com. Every supplier may have different prices, harvest years and amounts available for purchase.
Origin and Geneology of the Defender Hop
Defender was bred from a New Mexico Wild American female, Eastwell Golding and other English hops, it was selected in the early 1960’s at Wye College in England.
English hops begin to be harvested annually in the fall starting at the beginning of September, and often continuing into early October.
Flavor & Aroma Profile of Defender Hops
Defender is an aroma hop that is typically used in only late boil additions, including dry hopping.
Defender hops add a pleasant, European-style aroma.
Brewing Values for Defender Hops
These are the common ranges that we've seen with Defender hops over the years. Each year's crop can yield hops that have slightly different qualities, so these number ranges are based on history.
|Alpha Acid % (AA)|
Alpha acids are the main source of bitterness in beer. Longer boil times will result in isomerization of more alpha acids leading to increased bitterness. Learn more »
|Beta Acid %Beta acids are a component of hop resins responsible for contributing volatile aromatic and flavor properties. Beta acids contribute no bitterness.||1.1-2.5%1.8% avg|
|Alpha-Beta RatioThe ratio of alpha to beta acids dictates the degree to which bitterness fades during aging. 1:1 ratios are common in aroma varieties.||1:1 - 5:13:1 avg|
|Hop Storage Index (HSI)The HSI indicates the percent of alpha and beta acids lost after 6 months of storage at room temperature (68°F or 20°C). The freshest hops will always be the best.||41% (Poor) 0.41|
|Co-Humulone as % of AlphaLow cohumulone hops may impart a smoother bitterness when added to the boil as opposed to higher ones that add a sharper bitterness to the final beer. Learn more »||23-32%27.5% avg|
|Total Oils (mL/100g)These highly volatile, not very soluble oils are easily boiled off, but add flavor and aroma to the finished beer when added very late in the boil or during fermentation. Learn more »||0.28-0.98 mL0.6mL avg|
|Total Oil Breakdown:|
|› MyrceneFlavors: resinous, citrus, fruity (β-myrcene)||30-32%31% avg|
|› HumuleneFlavors: woody, noble, spicy (α-caryophyllene)||34-36%35% avg|
|› CaryophylleneFlavors: pepper, woody, herbal (β-caryophyllene)||13-15%14% avg.|
|› FarneseneFlavors: fresh, green, floral (β-farnesene)||3-4%3.5% avg|
|› All OthersIncluding β-pinene, linalool, geranoil & selinene||13-20%|
Defender Hop Substitutions
If the Defender hop is hard to find or if you are simply out of it on brew day, you can try to substitute it with a similar hop. The old way of choosing replacement hops was done by experience and "feel". There is nothing wrong with that way. However, we wanted to build a data-driven tool to find your Defender substitutions.
There are no manually picked substitutions for this hop. You can instead use our tool that uses data to find similar hops.
Is Defender available in lupulin powder?
Unfortunately, there is no lupulin powder version of the Defender hop. Neither Yakima Chief Hops (Cryo/LupuLN2), Haas (Lupomax) or Hopsteiner have created versions of this hop in lupulin powder form yet. Too bad too - it is pure hop lupulin powder, which leads to huge, concentrated flavor when used in the whirlpool or dry hop additions.
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