Belgian Saison (WY3724)
Type: Yeast • Packet: Liquid
Species: Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. diastaticus
STA1 gene: Yes
This strain is the classic farmhouse ale yeast. A traditional yeast that is spicy with complex aromatics, including bubble gum. It is very tart and dry on the palate with a mild fruitiness. Expect a crisp, mildly acidic finish that will benefit from elevated fermentation temperatures. This strain is notorious for a rapid and vigorous start to fermentation, only to stick around 1.035 S.G. Fermentation will finish, given time and warm temperatures. Warm fermentation temperatures, at least 90 °F (32 °C), or the use of a secondary strain can accelerate attenuation.
Brewing Properties of Belgian Saison
The functional properties of brewing yeasts have a direct impact on the performance, quality and economics of the resulting beer.
The alcohol tolerance determines the ABV at which yeast cells go dormant and stop fermenting.
Attenuation refers to the percentage of sugars converted to alcohol and carbon dioxide, as measured by specific gravity.
Flocculation refers to the tendency of yeast to form clumps called "flocs" that drop in order to make the beer clear.
The optimal temperature is the range in which the yeast performs best without putting off any off-flavors. Pitching the yeast into wort usually happens at the low end of the temperature range.
Comparable Beer Yeasts
If you cannot find Belgian Saison (WY3724) anywhere, you can substitute one of the following yeasts for a similiar result.
Common Beer Styles using Belgian Saison
These are the most popular beer styles that make use of the Belgian Saison yeast:
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